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Onset Rime teaches the process of splitting a one syllable word into two parts. The onset is the unit of sound at the beginning of a word and the rime is the sound that follows.
- Identify the beginning (onset) sound followed by the rest of the word (rime)
- For example, c-at, m-an, p-ark, t-all
- Explore the sounds within a word to recognize common word parts
- Play with the onset 'gr-' using words like green, grass, grow
- Discover words that share the rime '-ight' like night, flight, sight
Note: This strategy works best with one syllable words.
Onset Rime Blending Strategy from the Instructional Strategies for Reading e-Learning:
Once a reader can identify onset and rime, play with the onset. Choose a rime and add different onsets to the beginning of the word. Work your way through the alphabet and/or introduce blends. Create new words. Which ones does the reader recognize from everyday life and which ones are nonsense?
Blending Onset and Rime steps provided by Reading Rockets:
- We dictate onset [pause] rime, using fists to represent onset and rime.
- All students repeat the sounds and use their fists to represent the sounds.
- One student blends the onset and rime to say the word.
- All students blend the onset and rime to say the word.
Which One Doesn't Fit activity from Literacy Minnesota:
- Pick three words from the week’s vocabulary and/or reading. Two of the words should be similar (rhyme or same first sound), and one of the words should be different.
- Ask the learner to tell you which word is different.
- Say the words.
- Have the reader say the word that doesn’t fit. To expand, have the reader tell you why it doesn’t fit.